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      1. University of FloridaspacerSolutions for Your Life

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        Aquaculture Applications of the Family Gobiidae

        A close-up photo of an orange mottled Stonogobiops yasha fish hovering over its tiny eggs

        Marine ornamental fish production is still in its infancy compared with its freshwater counterpart. About 1,800 wild-caught fish species are imported into the United States each year, clear proof of the need for the expansion of marine ornamental production to include new species and families of fish. The family Gobiidae is the fourth most imported family of marine ornamental fish. Gobies can be easily housed with a variety of other species of fish. Several have qualities that lend themselves to aquarium life. Some clean other fish and others sift the sand bed. Many naturally perch on the rockscape or corals, spending their time beautifying their surroundings with their bright colors and intriguing behavior. This 7-page fact sheet written by Jesse Von Linden, Joshua T. Patterson, Cortney L. Ohs, and Matthew A. DiMaggio and published by the UF/IFAS Program in Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, School of Forest Resources and Conservation provides a brief overview of the family including description and taxonomy, natural history, culture techniques, a bit about disease challenges, and advice on marketing for ornamental Gobids.
        http://www.commercial-express.com/fa226

        Wildlife of Florida Factsheet: Virginia Opossum

        A photo of three young possums hanging by their tails from a branch.

        Learn more about the Florida opossum!
        The Wildlife of Florida Factsheet series was created to provide the public with a quick, accurate introduction to Florida's wildlife, including both native and invasive species. Authors Simon Fitzwilliam and Raoul Boughton hope this 2-page quick guide and others in the series published by the UF/IFAS Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation will inspire readers to investigate wildlife in their own backyards and communities and understand the amazing biodiversity of wildlife in the state of Florida.
        http://www.commercial-express.com/uw471

        Hurricane Toads

        A close-up photo of one of the abovedescribed raisin-sized froglets seated on a dime. It fits easily within the area of the dime, leaving a substantial margin uncovered: a very small frog.

        Eastern spadefoots are a common but largely unappreciated species of native toad in Florida. Following torrential rains they emerge from hiding and breed in shallow pools. In as little as 14 days, hordes of raisin-sized froglets emerge and hop away in all directions from the pond or puddle where they were born. Some of them find their way to yards and garages of suburban neighborhood homes. Other unlucky baby toads end up on roads, where they are smashed. This 5-page fact sheet written by Steve A. Johnson and Candace D. Fuhrmann and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation outlines the unique biology of this species and explains how to identify eastern spadefoot tadpoles, young, and adults. It also includes a section on how you and your friends and family can help these interesting and attractive little creatures by engaging in citizen science.
        http://www.commercial-express.com/uw474

        Wildlife of Florida Factsheet: Florida Panther

        A photo of a panther at either dusk or dawn standing on what looks like a limerock road with dog fennel in the foreground and a pine forest in the background.

        Learn more about the Florida Panther!

        The Wildlife of Florida Factsheet series was created to provide the public with a quick, accurate introduction to Florida?s wildlife, including both native and invasive species. Authors Kelly Koriakin and Raoul Boughton hope this 2-page quick guide and others in the series published by the UF/IFAS Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation will inspire readers to investigate wildlife in their own backyards and communities and understand the amazing biodiversity of wildlife in the state of Florida.
        http://www.commercial-express.com/uw467

        Sample Profitability and Cost Estimates of Producing Sweet Flavored Carambola (Averrhoa carambola) in south Florida.

        a close-up photo of carambola fruits.

        This 7-page fact sheet written by Fredy H. Ballen, Aditya Singh, Edward A. Evans, and Jonathan H. Crane and published by the UF/IFAS Food and Resource Economics Department reports the costs and returns of operating an established sweet-flavored carambola grove in south Florida. It is intended to provide a reference to help estimate the financial requirements of running an established grove. Information was collected through field interviews with growers and industry specialists about a wide range of production practices used on small farms of five acres or fewer.
        http://www.commercial-express.com/fe1079

        Citrus Pest Quick Guide: Lebbeck Mealybug Nipaecoccus viridis (Newstead)

        A close-up photo of a female lebeck mealybug looking like a miniscule white fluffy bedroom slipper on the underside of a green leaf.

        A one-page quick guide written by Lauren M. Diepenbrock and Jamie D. Burrow and published by the Entomology and Nematology Department presents the life cycle of the lebbeck mealybug and provides several photos of the pest and the damage it causes to assist in identification.
        http://www.commercial-express.com/in1280

        Florida Fishing Guide Requirements Checklist

        Photo of two life-jacketed people standing in a boat

        Guides and captains maintaining vessels used for recreational fishing are an important part of coastal economies, but regulations affecting them can be complicated and may differ depending on several factors, including targeted species, number of customers, vessel size, etc. These regulations are often described in multiple locations, since for-hire guides operate at the intersection of multiple state and federal jurisdictions. This 3-page fact sheet written by Elizabeth A. Staugler, Ralph Allen, and Edward V. Camp and published by the UF/IFAS School of Forest Resources and Conservation, Program in Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences summarizes the relevant regulations and requirements.
        http://www.commercial-express.com/fa218

        Overview of Commonly Cultured Marine Ornamental Fish

        A close-up photo of a rainbow-colored fish, predominantly green but with orange, red, teal, and yellow stripes and blotches. It's about 2.5 inches long and lying on one side in a man's palm.

        The production of freshwater ornamental fish dominates the ornamental aquaculture industry, yet the small marine ornamentals sector has grown substantially in recent years. This 7-page fact sheet written by Elizabeth M. Groover, Matthew A. DiMaggio, and Eric J. Cassiano and published by the UF/IFAS Program in Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, School of Forest Resources and Conservation briefly reviews the more common groups of marine ornamental fishes cultured in the United States. As we learn more about marine ornamentals and as aquaculture protocols for marine ornamentals develop and improve, it is possible that more species may become economically feasible to produce and more cultured marine fish may begin to supplement wild-caught stocks in the marine aquarium trade.
        http://www.commercial-express.com/fa224

        Understanding Public Perceptions of Mosquito-Related Information Sources and Adapting Research Findings to the Needs of Industry Professionals

        Close up of a mosquito. UF/IFAS File Photo

        The Prevent & Protect publication series focuses on the creation of different material formats to resonate with various audiences and ways to maximize their efficacy in communicating risk to the public about mosquito control. The overview of the Prevent & Protect project, developed by the UF/IFAS Center for Public Issues Education in Agriculture and Natural Resources (PIE Center), can be found in EDIS publication AEC694/WC357, Public Perceptions of Mosquitoes and Mosquito Control. This new 3-page document describes the importance of understanding and adapting to public perceptions of information sources and how scientists can adapt their research findings based upon the needs of professionals in the field to create usable outreach materials. Written by Shelli Rampold, Ricky Telg, Alena Poulin, Sandra Anderson, Angela B. Lindsey, Ashley McLeod-Morin, and Phillip Stokes, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Agricultural Education and Communication.
        http://www.commercial-express.com/wc358

        Public Perceptions of Mosquitoes and Mosquito Control

        In Florida, this species of mosquito (Culex nigripalpus<) plays a major role in the transmission of disease-causing viruses. (UF/IFAS File Photo)

        The Prevent & Protect publication series focuses on the creation of different material formats to resonate with various audiences and ways to maximize efficacy in communicating about mosquito-related risks and mosquito control topics to the public. This new 3-page publication of the UF/IFAS Department of Agricultural Education and Communication provides a background of public opinion on various aspects of mosquito control covered in the Prevent & Protect campaign. Written by Shelli Rampold, Ricky Telg, Alena Poulin, Sandra Anderson, Angela B. Lindsey, Ashley McLeod-Morin, and Phillip Stokes.
        http://www.commercial-express.com/wc357

        Small-to-Medium-Scale Sensory Evaluation of Horticultural Crops: Measuring Responses

        Six coffee roasting grades. From top left to bottom right: light cinnamon, cinnamon, normal, French roasting, espresso and open fire. Credits: Godewind, Wikimedia

        When measuring the responses of panelists, the main principle behind sensory evaluation, a variety of sensory tests can be used. This new 4-page publication is the second in a series designed to assist producers in the small-to-medium-sized sensory evaluation of their horticultural crops, outlining the types of data and sensory measurement techniques utilized in sensory evaluation. Written by Sean Michael Campbell and Charles A. Sims, and published by the UF/IFAS Environmental Horticulture Department.
        http://www.commercial-express.com/ep582

        Icebreakers for Adults

        Tuckman?s Model of Group Development. Credit: ADCI Solutions

        Building rapport is key when creating a team culture. As groups change over time, it is imperative to continually reintroduce and reacclimate new team members to long-standing teammates. Leaders of groups that undergo constant change, like those whose jobs involve volunteers, may find it challenging to find innovative ways to bring people together. Icebreakers are quick, low- or no-cost activities that allow individuals to get to know the people around them and serve as a means to build trust and openness in a low-stakes environment. This new 3-page publication of the UF/IFAS Department of Agricultural Education and Communication outlines strategies to use when building a team culture and gives examples of simple activities to build cultures within teams or groups. Written by Megan Stein and Taylor Nash.
        http://www.commercial-express.com/wc356

        An Overview of Key Soil Nitrogen Cycling Transformations

        Turfgrass with a sprinkler in the foreground and a man approaching the camera from the back left of frame. UF/IFAS File Photo.

        Although nitrogen (N) is one of the most abundant elements in the biosphere, it is generally at levels that are limiting for optimum plant growth and crop production in Florida soils. To maintain adequate N levels in Florida soils without having detrimental environmental side effects, one must understand and manage N cycling transformations and processes. This new 5-page article, published by the UF/IFAS Department of Soil and Water Sciences, provides an overview of the N cycle by describing key N transformations that result in soils gaining or losing N. The biotic and abiotic processes that govern these transformations are described, as well as practical examples of these transformations in Florida soils. Written by Clayton J. Nevins, Sarah L. Strauss, and Patrick Inglett.
        http://www.commercial-express.com/ss684

        Opportunities and Obstacles to Aquaculture in Florida

        Photo of a large, barnlike structure from the inside. Rows of gray, barrel-like tanks and white pvc piping, dim, blue light from the ceiling panels, and a large fan set in the wall at the end of the barn, through which daylight shines.

        Aquaculture is growing in Florida as it is worldwide, but in Florida aquaculture has not yet reached its substantial potential. To understand why this might be, the University of Florida's Institute of Sustainable Food Systems organized and convened a meeting between small-agency, industry, and academic stakeholders to discuss the opportunities and obstacles to aquaculture in Florida. This 6-page fact sheet written by Edward Camp, Taryn Garlock, and James Anderson and published by the UF/IFAS School of Forest Resources and Conservation, Program in Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, describes the proceedings of this meeting in the context of the broader scientific literature explaining why aquaculture ventures do and sometimes do not succeed.
        http://www.commercial-express.com/fa221

        Diagnostic Methods for the Comprehensive Health Assessment of the Long-Spined Sea Urchin, Diadema antillarum

        Using a dissecting microscope to examine D. antillarum. This animal was to be necropsied, so spines were cut prior to the exam. If the procedure is planned as a nonlethal exam, the spines should not be damaged.

        This 55-page document contains a wealth of information on the long-spined sea urchin, which is an important animal in coral reef ecosystems. The publication discusses diagnostic methods for Diadema antillarum and provides reporting forms for laboratory and diagnostic work. Written by Ruth Francis-Floyd, Jan Landsberg, Roy Yanong, Yasu Kiryu, Shirley Baker, Deborah Pouder, William Sharp, Gabriel Delgado, Nicole Stacy, Tom Waltzek, Heather Walden, Roxanna Smolowitz, and Greg Beck, and published by the UF/IFAS Veterinary Medicine?Large Animal Clinical Sciences Department, May 2020.
        http://www.commercial-express.com/vm244

        COVID-19 and Food Safety FAQ: Is Coronavirus a Concern at Grocery Stores? (Mandarin Chinese)

        The virus that causes COVID-19

        This is the Mandarin Chinese translation of FSHN20-20/FS348, COVID-19 and Food Safety FAQ: Is Coronavirus a Concern at Grocery Stores? It provides answers to a few frequently asked questions regarding COVID-19 and grocery stores. Written by Natalie Seymour, Mary Yavelak, Candice Christian, and Ben Chapman, and published by the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department.
        http://www.commercial-express.com/fs391

        COVID-19 Preventative Measures: Do-It-Yourself Cloth Face Coverings (Mandarin Chinese)

        The virus that causes COVID-19

        This is the Mandarin Chinese translation of FSHN20-31/FS373, COVID-19 Preventative Measures: Do-It-Yourself Cloth Face Coverings. It provides guidance for making and caring for facemasks. Written by Natalie Seymour, Mary Yavelak, Candice Christian, and Ben Chapman, and published by the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department.
        http://www.commercial-express.com/fs390

        Is Coronavirus a Concern on Fresh Produce? (Mandarin Chinese)

        The virus that causes COVID-19

        This is the Mandarin Chinese translation of FSHN20-22/FS350, Is Coronavirus a Concern on Fresh Produce? It provides guidance relevant to COVID-19 regarding handling and consumption of fresh produce. Written by Natalie Seymour, Mary Yavelak, Candice Christian, and Ben Chapman, and published by the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department.
        http://www.commercial-express.com/fs389

        COVID-19 and Food Safety FAQ: Is Coronavirus a Concern with Takeout? (Mandarin Chinese)

        The virus that causes COVID-19

        This is the Mandarin Chinese translation of FSHN20-22/FS349, COVID-19 and Food Safety FAQ: Is Coronavirus a Concern with Takeout? It provides answers to frequently asked questions regarding COVID-19 and takeout food. Written by Natalie Seymour, Mary Yavelak, Candice Christian, and Ben Chapman, and published by the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department.
        http://www.commercial-express.com/fs388

        COVID-19 and Food Safety FAQ: Is Coronavirus a Food Safety Issue? (Mandarin Chinese)

        The virus that causes COVID-19

        This is the Mandarin Chinese translation of FSHN20-18/FS341, COVID-19 and Food Safety FAQ: Is Coronavirus a Food Safety Issue? It provides guidance related to COVID-19 regarding food production, handling, and packaging. Written by Natalie Seymour, Mary Yavelak, Candice Christian, and Ben Chapman, and published by the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department.
        http://www.commercial-express.com/fs387

        What is EDIS?

        EDIS is the Electronic Data Information Source of UF/IFAS Extension, a collection of information on topics relevant to you. More...

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